What You Need To Know

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Chest Physical Therapy

Chest physical therapy (CPT or Chest PT) is an airway clearance technique (ACT) to drain the lungs, and may include percussion (clapping), vibration, deep breathing, and huffing or coughing.

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  1. Article

    Basics of Lung Care

    Although cystic fibrosis affects many parts of the body, for most people who have the disease it is their lung function that presents the great challenge, often affecting their ability to breathe. These guidelines can help people living with CF maintain the highest lung function possible. 

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  2. Article

    Airway Clearance Techniques (ACTs)

    There are different ways to clear your airways. Most are easy to do. Infants and toddlers will need help from a parent or caregiver. Older kids and adults can choose ACTs that they can do on their own.

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  3. Article

    Coughing and Huffing

    Coughing is the most basic airway clearance technique (ACT). It can be an involuntary reflex or it can be controlled as a healthy, natural way for the lungs to get rid of mucus.

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  1. Article

    Active Cycle of Breathing Technique (ACBT)

    Active cycle of breathing technique (ACBT) involves three phases of breathing techniques. The first phase helps you relax your airways. The second phase helps you to get air behind mucus and clears mucus. The third phase, huffing, helps force the mucus out of your lungs.

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  2. Article

    Autogenic Drainage (AD)

    Autogenic drainage (AD) means “self-drainage” and uses different speeds of breathing to move mucus. To do it, your respiratory therapist can teach you how to control your breaths. You will learn how fast and deeply to breathe to fill certain parts of your lungs with air.

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  3. Article

    Positive Expiratory Pressure

    Positive expiratory pressure (PEP) therapy gets air into the lungs and behind the mucus using extra (collateral) airways.

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  4. Article

    High-Frequency Chest Wall Oscillation (the Vest)

    High-frequency chest wall oscillation involves an inflatable vest that is attached to a machine. The machine mechanically performs chest physical therapy by vibrating at a high frequency. The vest vibrates the chest to loosen and thin mucus. Every five minutes, the person stops the machine and coughs or huffs. 

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  5. Topic

    Fitness

    Regular physical activity or exercise provides multiple benefits for those with CF. These benefits are more than improved lung function — they also help to strengthen bones, in managing diabetes and heart disease and improve your mood.

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